This Fortnight’s Focus - Biotechnology
| Education Jagat - 15 May 2017

What is Pharmacy?
Pharmacy is the science dealing with collection, prep-aration, and stand-ardization of drugs. Pharmacy is a part of the medicine field that relates the chemical science with the health sciences. The professionals working in this field are generally called as pharmacists. 
What is the job of a Pharmacist?
Pharmacists dispense prescription medications to patients and offer expertise in the safe use of prescri-ptions. They also may conduct health and well-ness screenings, provide immunizations, oversee the medications given to patients, and provide advice on healthy life-styles. As a pharmacist your work would include checking prescriptions, dispensing medicines and making sure that laws controlling medicines are followed.
The current era of globali-zation has witnessed evolution in the prof-essions of the health sector, especially in pharmacy. Whereas previously the pharmacist worldwide was seen as responsible prim-arily for manufacturing and supplying medicines, today the pharmacist’s role has evolved towards a clinical orientation. The profession is still under continuous transition. With change in the health demands, pharmacists have a further role to play in patient care.
What are the Important Skills for Pharmacists?
Analytical skills. Phar-macists must provide safe medications efficiently. To do this, they must be able to evaluate a patient’s needs and the prescriber’s orders, and have extensive knowledge of the effects and appropriate circums-tances for giving out a specific medication.
Communication Skills. Pharmacists frequently offer advice to patients. They might need to explain how to take a medicine, for example, and what its side effects are. They also need to offer clear direction to pharmacy technicians and interns.
Computer Skills. Phar-macists need comp-uter skills to use any electronic health record (EHR) systems that their organization has adopted.
Detail oriented. Pharm-acists are responsible for ensuring the accuracy of the prescriptions they fill. They must be able to find the information that they need to make decisions about what medications are appropriate for each patient, because improper use of medication can pose serious health risks.
Managerial Skills. Pharmacists-particularly those who run a retail pharmacy-must have good managerial skills, including the ability to manage inventory and oversee a staff.
What is the Educational Pathway to become a Pharmacist?
To pursue a career in pharmacy, students with PCB/PCM/PCMB combination in 10+2 can apply for admission to B.Pharm. The admission will be either based on entrance examination or merit in 10+2.
The B.Pharm graduates can either go for jobs in the related field or can opt for further advanced studies. The options available after B.Pharm is
M.Sc. Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Management Program in Pharmacy
Master of Pharmacy (M.Pharm)
Where can you work as a Pharmacist?
Pharmacy field is a very vast and a fast growing sector nowadays. Trem-endous increase in the rise of various hospitals, pharmaceutical firms and nursing homes all over the country has gradually increased numerous opportunities for the pharmacy graduates.
There are diverse emplo-yment areas for the pharmacists such as in government departments, pharmaceutical com-panies, investigation, universities, research insti-tutes, teaching hospitals, etc. Within these indu-stries, the pharmacists are engaged in the activities like formulation, prod-uction, development and distribution of various existing and new drugs for the dispensary uses. Other wide range of employment lies in the drug control administration and in armed forces. They can also work as medical representatives with the responsibilities like introducing new drugs to the medical professionals and pharmacy shops thus promoting the sales of their pharmaceutical firms.
The pharmacists can work both in central government, state government depart-ments and in private industries. The government departments include Health protection branch, Pest control division of Agriculture, Provincial Departments of Enviro-nment or agriculture, etc. There are opportunities also with the food and cosmetic industries and any industries which need the assurance of safety and effectiveness of new products.
Career options after completing B Pharm or M Pharm:
Quality Assurance Health Manager
Medical Transcription
Analytical Chemist of Quality Control Manager
Sales and Marketing
Clinical Research
Data Manager
Regulatory Manager
What are some of the renowned Institutions for pursuing B.Pharm?
Some of the well known institutions for pursuing B.Pharm are Delhi Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research, Delhi. BITS-Pilani, Department of Pharm-aceutical Engineering, IIT-BHU, LM College of Pharmacy, Ahmedabad, University Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Panjab University,  Chan-digarh, JSS University, Mysore & Ooty, Madras Medical College, Chennai etc
How to become a Regis-tered Pharmacist?
The minimum qualification for registration as a pharmacist is a pass in 
“Diploma course in Pharmacy” (D.Pharm) from an institution approved by Pharmaceutical Council of India (PCI). D.Pharm is a two years course after 10+2 (science academic stream) followed by 500 hours of practical training spread over a period of 3 months.
“Degree course in Pharmacy” (B.Pharm) from an institution approved by the Pharmaceutical Council of India (PCI). B.Pharm is a 4 years course after 10+2 (science academic stream). 
To register as a pharmacist, a set of documents and papers are to be furnished by the applicant along with the prescribed application form dully filled to the State Pharmacy Council.

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